Genesis 32:22-31 (Job 38:12)

In Genesis 32:22-31 (KJV), Jacob rose at “night” (V:22).  in verse 24, “…Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until THE BREAKING OF THE DAY” (or “until the coming up of DAWN” —from the book “The Five Books of Moses”, p. 155).  Verse 26 reads: “And let me go, for THE DAY BREAKETH…” (or “for DAWN has come up”–“The Five Books of Moses”, p.155 – author’s note, “…break of day…”).  The same word is used in verse 24 and verse 26 meaning daybreak/dawn.

Tradition tells us that in Bible times a day was 24 hours long and it began at evening and ran to the following evening.  The Bible actually shows us that a new day breaks in the morning (at dawn) and that there are 12 hours in the day (John 11:9, Matthew 20:1-12).  It is most interesting to note that in these Genesis scriptures,  Jacob realizes that he has been wrestling with God in verse 30 ( “And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.”).
And when they were wrestling, God Himself says in verse 26: “…Let me go, for the ***day breaketh…”.  God never says that “evening” is the beginning of a new day or daybreak.  Other Bible versions translate the words of God in verse 26 as:

“…day is breaking…” (Moffatt)

“…day is breaking…” (Amplified)

“…its daybreak…” (Complete Jewish Bible) verse 24, “…until daybreak…”

“…the day breaketh…” (The Holy Scriptures – Jewish Publication Society, 1917) verse 24, “…breaking of the day…”

“…dawn is breaking…”  (NASB) verse 24, “…until daybreak…”

“…day has broken…” (English Standard Version)

“…the daye breaketh…” (Tyndale, 1534)

“…the day breaketh…” (Webster)

“…day has dawned…” (LXXE)  verse 24, “… till the morning…”

“…morning appeareth…” (Geneva Bible, 1599) verse 24 …”breaking of the day…”

“…the day breaketh…” (Bishops Bible, 1568)

“…the dawn is up…” (Knox)  verse 24, “…day broke…”

“…the day breaks…” (The Jerusalem Bible – Koren Publishers)

“…the day breaketh…” (Revised Version)

“…day is breaking…” (Revised Standard Version)

“…day is breaking…” (The New Berkeley Version)

“…It is daybreak…” (NIV)

“…the day breaks…” (New King James Version)

If you read our main website (12hoursabbath.com) you will find that the first light of morning (dawn) is the beginning of a day, and the scriptures showing this saturate the Bible from one end to the other.  In fact there are a number of Bible versions that translate “morning” as “daybreak”, “break of day” or something similar.  “Evening” is not translated as “daybreak”, etc.

You will also see numerous quotes such as these:

“…there is not the slightest trace of a day of twenty-four hours among the ancient Hebrews…” (Encyclopedia Biblica, p 4177).  Elsewhere they say, “Among the ancients the day was reckoned in a great variety of ways… ‘From dawn to dark’…was the ancient and ordinary meaning of a day among the Israelites…” (Encyclopedia Biblica, pp. 1035-1036).

Speaking of a 24 hour day, ” The Oxford Companion to the Bible” says, it is “not defined as such in the Bible”. They continue, “In earlier traditions the day apparently began at sunrise.” (p. 744).

“In the Biblical period most Near Easterners BEGAN THEIR DAY WITH SUNRISE and ended it with sunset…” (Harpers Bible Dictionary, p. 761).

The “Encyclopedic Dictionary of the Bible” says, “The ORIGINAL meaning of the word “DAY” is the PERIOD OF DAYLIGHT, FROM SUNRISE TO SUNSET, AS DISTINCT FROM THE NIGHT, THE PERIOD OF DARKNESS…” This same dictionary states, “…the CUSTOM of CONSIDERING the Day as beginning at SUNSET BECAME general in LATER JEWISH TIMES…” (p. 497).  In other word’s this was man’s tradition. Other encyclopedias and books on this website will say that an evening start to the day was a later invention.

Even the Jewish Encyclopedia admits:

“According to the strict interpretation of the Mosaic law, every day begins with sunrise and ends with sunset…” (pp. 591-597)

Emphasis mine on the information above and below.

***  Note:  When God personally spoke to Job (Job 38:12), He said,“Hast thou commanded the morning since thy days; and caused the dayspring to know his place…” (KJV).  The word “dayspring” is the same word used in Genesis 32:24,26 for “daybreak”.  Easton’s Bible Dictionary defines “dayspring” as the “…dawn of morning; daybreak…”.  God also uses the word “morning” in this very same verse.  Strong’s states that “morning” is, “…properly dawn, (as the break of day)…”.  When God speaks to Job about the break of day, the word “evening” is once again not mentioned by Him.  Why? because “evening” is at the tail end of a day, not the beginning.  Darkness (night) ends the day (Genesis 1:5). (See more on Job 38:12 under the heading:  “And The Evening And The Morning Were The First Day (Genesis 1:5”) on our main website.

     

Isaiah 21:8

He calls out like a lion: “My lord,
I stand on the watchtower all day long,
I stay at my post all night.”

Some believe that day and night is a single season.  In fact, they are two separate seasons that are as different as Summer and Winter:

So long as the earth exists, sowing time and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, and day and night will not cease. (Genesis 8:22)

Complete Jewish Bible

John 21: 3-4

Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing.
But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus. (KJV)… Other translations for “the morning was now come” :

But when day was now breaking…” (American Standard Version)

Just as day was breaking…” (English Standard Version)

Now at break of day…” (Moffatt)

“..day was now dawning...” (Weymouth)

Throughout the scriptures, morning is shown to be the beginning of a new day or daybreak.  Evening is not called break of day or daybreak.  For example Mark simply calls it “…even, when the sun did set…” (Mark 1:32).  And as the scriptures above indicate, the breaking of the day in the morning follows the night.

Isaiah 8:20

Notice the word “light” (KJV) in a familiar verse from the book of Isaiah (8:20):

“To the law and to the testimony: if they speak
not according to this word, it is because there is no
light in them.”

Now, notice how this word “Light” is translated in several other versions:

(LITV)  “To the Law and to the Testimony! If they do
not speak according to this Word, it is because there
is no dawn to them!”

(Darby)  “To the law and the testimony! If they speak
not according to this word, for them there is no
daybreak.”

(RV)  “To the law and to the testimony! if they speak not according to this word, surely there is no morning for them.”

Light, dawn, daybreak and morning.  This pattern of a day breaking with the first light of dawn in the morning is beautifully laid out throughout the scriptures.

Joshua 6:15

 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they rose early about the dawning of the day, and compassed the city after the same manner seven times: only on that day they compassed the city seven times.

Biblical days began at dawn, not sunset.

KJV

1Samuel 19:11

Saul also sent messengers unto David’s house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David’s wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be slain.

In the Bible, Tomorrow begins in the morning, not the evening.

KJV